heaven: a new heaven and new earth…

This is part three in a series looking in depth at our understanding and misunderstanding of heaven… and then why a proper understanding of heaven is important for the present identity and task of the Christian in the world.

Here is part one of the heaven series if you would like to start at the beginning.

From the words of the prophets in the Old Testament leading up to and culminating in the teachings of Jesus and then passed along through the writings to the early Church, there is a sense that God isn’t giving up on the creation that was called “good” from the very beginning. In fact, there is very clear Scriptural evidence that God has always had every intention of renewing and restoring the entire created order, rather than destroying it.

This is a strong assertion, being that it contradicts the teaching and understanding of many Churches that teach how God will one day destroy the heavens and the earth…and then take Christians away to a spiritual heaven to live for eternity.

But as we look through the Biblical narrative: we find all of creation suffering under the weight of death and decay. We find all of creation subjected to frustration. We find all of creation groaning for liberation from the curse under which it is has been placed.

It is a physical creation.

It is a tangible creation.

It is a touchable creation.

It is a physical, tangible, touchable creation that wants to be liberated, freed, released from bondage.

It is a creation that is enslavedand longs to be as it once wasnot destroyed, not annihilated, not discarded, and not thrown into the trash bin of history. It is a creation that yearns to be saved, renewed, and restored.

And it is not just the creation in which we live and which surrounds us that will be completely renewed and restored! We long for liberation from death and decay as well. Presently we have and enjoy the first fruits of the Holy Spirit given to us by God, which gives us a foretaste of the blissful things to come, but we also groan inwardly as we wait for the redemption of our bodies, which will reveal our adoption, or our manifestation as God’s sons and daughters.

This surprising discovery, which stands in contrast to the belief that God will one day destroy the heavens and the earth, is a beautiful synergy of God’s restorative work through Jesus Christ, not just for humanity, but also for the entire created order.

For God so loved the world (kosmos– the entire created order) that He sent His Son…

But despite all that Paul has written about how creation will be set free from its bondage to decay and corruption, despite Paul writing about how heaven and earth will be brought together under Christ, despite Jesus talking to the disciples about the renewal of all things, and despite Peter stating that God will restore everything, there are still a couple of misunderstood verses that have led us to the belief that the earth will one day be destroyed and that our future hope is a disembodied, spiritual heaven.

…and the material elements of the universe will flare and melt with fire? But we look for new heavens and a new earth according to His promise, in which righteousness (uprightness, freedom from sin, and right standing with God) is to abide. 2 Peter 3: 12-13

THEN I saw a new sky (heaven) and a new earth, for the former sky and the former earth had passed away, and there no longer existed any sea. Revelation 21: 1

At first glance, these verses seemingly contradict the very position I have proposed- that God is in the process of renewing and restoring all of creation. But the key to unlocking these verses, and having a better and more comprehensive understanding of what the text is really saying, lies with the word new.

As we look at the original Greek language we find something very interesting. There are two words that can be used to describe something as new. The first word is neo and is used to describe something that is new in time. For example, a house that is newly restored to its original condition could never be neo because it is not new in time. When the house was first built it was neo, but being that it is now something old (archaios) being renewed or restored, it can ever be described as neo again. Neo is not the word used in the passages from 2 Peter or Revelation.

The word that is used to describe the new heavens and the new earth in those passages is kainos. Kainos also means new, but it is describing something that is qualitatively new or renewed. Interestingly enough, it is the word kainos that Paul uses to describe the Christian, as a new (kainos) creation. The individual Christian has not been vaporized into non-existence and newly created, rather the old (archaios) has passed away, and the new (kainos) has come. 2 Corinthians 5: 17

Therefore, the passages are not alluding to a heaven and earth that are destroyed and then replaced by a heaven and earth that are newly created. They are both speaking of the current heaven and earth passing from one condition to another (parachomai), being refined by the refiner’s fire, and then being qualitatively renewed (kainos) to their full glory, which is beyond anything that we can comprehend.

Behold, I am making all things new (kainos)…

The final destination for God’s people is not “going up” to God in heaven, while the earth and sky is destroyed. Rather, our future hope is in a renewed world and cosmos in which God’s dwelling place is among His people. If that doesn’t get you excited about the possibilities in our future I don’t know what will…but more on that in another post.

Read the next post here

peace…

brandon

6 thoughts on “heaven: a new heaven and new earth…

  1. I’m tracking with what you are saying…and no disagreement, just more questions: 1) how does this jive with John 14:1-3 where Jesus goes to prepare a place…and refers to His Fathers house as having many rooms and 2) How does this jive with Luke 14:19-31 where Jesus refers to Abraham’s bosom? I’ve always thought of Abraham’s bosom as a kind of holding tank waiting for the end. thoughts?

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    1. good questions John. I wanted to include John 14 in this post but didn’t want to make it too long. I will actually try to make my response very short:

      1. there are certainly many scholars (including Lawrence in his book Heaven) who believe a better rendering of the John passage would go something like this:

      “In my Father’s presence [i.e. house] there is room for all. As I go to the Father via the cross I prepare the means for you to enter his presence wherever you may find yourselves. Having opened the way for you to enjoy the same intimacy with the Father that you have seen me enjoy, I will return to you in the form of the Spirit, so that even whilst you live on earth you will share with me in the heavenly places.”

      I happen to agree with this rendering, as it more appropriately fits the narrative and context in John.

      2. many scholars also view the parable of Abraham as just that… a parable. a parable with the main point being judgment… rather than a declaration of post-life.

      I will say however that what I have been writing about in this blog (and those prior) is what scripture describes for our life after “life after death” (as NT Wright might say). I personally believe that scripture is incredibly hazy about the condition and destination of “life after death.” as a result, I try to write about those things I can solidly back up from scripture- with the renewal of all things being one of the ideas that is consistent from the prophets, Jesus, apostles, and early church.

      good to hear from you!

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  2. N.T. Wright uses other passages to give context to John 14:1-3 to suggest that the dwelling place is correct but it is just that, a dwelling place, not the full final glory of new heaven and new earth in the full picture of resurrection.

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